 GSLIB Help Page: TRANS Description:
• trans is a generalization of the quantile transformation used for normal scores, the \$p\$-quantile of the original distribution is transformed to the \$p\$-quantile of the target distribution. This transform preserves the \$p\$-quantile indicator variograms of the original values. The variogram (standardized by the variance) will also be stable provided that the target distribution is not too different from the initial distribution. Parameters:
• vartype: the variable type (1=continuous, 0=categorical)
• refdist: the input data file with the target distribution and weights.
• ivr and iwt: the column for the values and the column for the (declustering) weight. If there are no declustering weights then set iwt= 0.
• datafl: the input file with the distribution(s) to be transformed.
• ivrd and iwtd: the column for the values and the declustering weights (0 if none).
• tmin and tmax: all values strictly less than tmin and strictly greater than tmax are ignored.
• outfl: output file for the transformed values.
• nsets: number of realizations or "sets" to transform. Each set is transformed separately.
• nx, ny, and nz: size of 3-D model (for categorical variable). When transforming categorical variables it is essential to consider some type of tie-breaking scheme. A moving window (of the following size) is considered for tie-breaking when considering a categorical variable.
• wx, wy, and wz: size of 3-D window for categorical variable tie-breaking.
• nxyz: the number to transform at a time (when dealing with a continuous variable). Recall that nxyz will be considered nsets times.
• zmin and zmax: are the minimum and maximum values that will be used for extrapolation in the tails.
• ltail and ltpar specify the back transformation implementation in the lower tail of the distribution: \$ltail=1\$ implements linear interpolation to the lower limit zmin and \$ltail=2\$ implements power model interpolation, with w=ltpar, to the lower limit zmin.
• utail and utpar specify the back transformation implementation in the upper tail of the distribution: \$utail=1\$ implements linear interpolation to the upper limit zmax \$utail=2\$ implements power model interpolation, with w=utpar, to the upper limit zmax, and \$utail=4\$ implements hyperbolic model extrapolation with w=utpar.
• transcon: constrain transformation to honor local data? (1=yes, 0=no)
• estvfl: an input file with the estimation variance (must be of size nxyz).
• icolev: column number in estvfl for the estimation variance.
• omega: the control parameter for how much weight is given to the original data (w between 0.33 and 3.0)
• seed: random number seed used when constraining a categorical variable transformation to local data. A short description of the program Application notes:
• When ``freezing'' the original data values, the quantile transform is applied progressively as the location gets further away from the set of data locations. The distance measure used is proportional to a kriging variance at the location of the value being transformed. That kriging variance is zero at the data locations (hence no transformation) and increases away from the data (the transform is increasingly applied). An input kriging variance file must be provided or, as an option, trans can calculate these kriging variances using an arbitrary isotropic and smooth (Gaussian) variogram model.
• Because not all original values are transformed, reproduction of the target histogram is only approximate. A control parameter, w in [0,1], allows the desired degree of approximation to be achieved at the cost of generating discontinuities around the data locations. The greater w, the lesser the discontinuities.
• Program trans can be applied to either continuous or categorical values. In the case of categorical values a hierarchy or spatial sequencing of the \$K\$ categories is provided implicitly through the integer coding \$k=1,\ldots,K\$ of these categories. Category \$k\$ may be transformed into category \$(k-1)\$ or \$(k+1)\$ and only rarely into categories further away.
• An interesting side application of program trans is in cleaning noisy simulated images. Two successive runs (a ``roundtrip'') of trans, the first changing the original proportions or distribution, the second restituting these original proportions, would clean the original image while preserving data exactitude. 